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How to Package Your Software for OmniOS

Packaging for OmniOS goes over how to create a package using the same build system as is used for building OmniOS. The layout of this repository seems designed for building already written software to be used in OmniOS. If you need to package your own software then this can be more overhead then you are looking for. The tools used by that GitHub repository are included in the default installation of OmniOS and have plenty of documentation on Oracle's site about how to use IPS. It turns out you can start making packages for OmniOS with only a few commands.

This post will cover the tools required to create a package, not necessarily best practices in packaging for OmniOS.

I've created an example repository that can build and upload a package to an IPS package depot if you want to skip ahead.

Tools

The packaging commands we will be using are

  • pkgsend - Generates the package manifest and publishes the package

  • pkgmogrify - Transforms the package manifest

  • pkglint - Linter for package manifests

  • pkgfmt - Formatter for package manifest

  • pkgrepo - (optional) Refresh the repository search index after upload

Example Application

We will be packaging a Hello World script stored in hello-world.sh.

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#!/usr/bin/bash

echo Hello World!

This file needs an execute bit as well so we will run

chmod +x hello-world.sh

Building the Manifest

pkgsend will generate a manifest for us if we can build a directory that mimics the deployed layout. If we put our script in build/usr/bin (and remove the extension) then run pkgsend generate build we will get a manifest of files and directories to package.

$ /usr/bin/pkgsend generate build
dir group=bin mode=0755 owner=root path=usr
dir group=bin mode=0755 owner=root path=usr/bin
file usr/bin/hello-world group=bin mode=0755 owner=root path=usr/bin/hello-world

Our manifest so far says we need two directories and a file. This would be enough of a manifest to start with but can be problematic if the directories don't line up with the host used to install the package. It would be better to remove the directories and assume that /usr/bin already exists on the system, since it really should already be there.

The command pkgmogrify can take a manifest and a transform file and output a transformed manifest.

A simple transform to do this will be stored in transform.mog

<transform dir path=usr -> drop>

This will drop any directories that include the path usr. If you need are building a more complex directory structure then using something like usr/bin$ as the path will only drop the common /usr/bin elements from the manifest.

For this we will write the manifest to a file the mogrify it to remove the directories.

$ /usr/bin/pkgsend generate build > manifest.pm5.1
$ /usr/bin/pkgmogrify manifest.pm5.1 transform.mog

file usr/bin/hello-world group=bin mode=0755 owner=root path=usr/bin/hello-world

This now has just our script in the manifest. Using pkgmogrify we can easily script changes to manifests instead of relying on manual changes to clean up a generated manifest.

We'll write the updated manifest to a new file

$ /usr/bin/pkgmogrify manifest.pm5.1 transform.mog > manifest.pm5.2

Package Metadata

We have the manifest for what the package should contain but we still need to describe the package with metadata. We will need to include at least a name, version, description, and summary for the package.

The name and version are contained in an Fault Managed Resource Identifier or FMRI.

I recommend reading the link above about proper format and conventions for FMRIs but for now we will write metadata.mog to contain

set name=pkg.fmri value=example/hello-world@0.1.0,0.1.0-0.1.0:20160915T211427Z
set name=pkg.description value="Hello World"
set name=pkg.summary value="Hello World shell script"

We can use pkgmogrify to combine our metadata and current manifest file to make a file manifest used for publishing our package. In this case we use pkgfmt to format the file as well.

$ /usr/bin/pkgmogrify metadata.mog manifest.pm5.2 | pkgfmt > manifest.pm5.final

Linting

The manifest we have now should work for publishing the package. We can verify using pkglint on the final manifest to check.

$ /usr/bin/pkglint manifest.pm5.final
Lint engine setup...
Starting lint run...
$ echo $?
0

No errors or warnings, wonderful!

Publishing the Package

We now have a directory structure for the package we would like to create as well as a manifest saying how to install the files. We can publish these components to an IPS package depot with pkgsend

$ pkgsend publish -s PKGSERVER -d build/ manifest.pm5.final
pkg://myrepo.example.com/example/hello-world@0.1.0,0.1.0-0.1.0:20160916T182806Z
PUBLISHED

-s specifies the package server, -d specifies the directory to read, and we pass along the path to our manifest. Our package was then published!

Troubleshooting

If you are using an HTTP depotd server to publish and see the error pkgsend: Publisher 'default' has no repositories that support the 'open/0' you will need to disable read-only mode for the server or publish to a filesystem repository.

Refresh the Package Search Index

The HTTP depotd interface doesn't refresh the search index when a package is published. This can be done with the pkgrepo command.

$ pkgrepo refresh -s PKGSERVER